Frequently Asked Questions

I am new to Cannabis, what are the top 3 things I should know?

1. Always buy products from a reputable source:

Look for evidence that the products have been quality tested by 3rd party labs, the manufacturer employs the seal GMP (Good Manufacturing Processes), products from a licensed dispensary or online source with a qualified and knowledgeable team with advanced degrees in cannabis science.

2. Always ask to see the label for the ingredients:

  • Look for a detailed list of ingredients in the product, especially amounts of CBD, THC, etc. 
  • Look for or ask to see the ‘Certificate of Analysis’ (COA) which shows that your specific batch of product has been quality tested for no presence of harsh chemicals, pesticides, etc. 

3. Most importantly, as you review the labels of the products you buy, ensure you know the amount ‘per serving or per dose’ so you can accurately measure the amount of CBD or THC you are consuming.

    What is Cannabis?

    • Cannabis is a natural plant that has been a part of human history for thousands of years. Over 4,000 years ago, cannabis was used as medicine in the Indian, Chinese and Egyptian cultures. Even in the 1800s, it was part of the U.S. pharmacopeia and dispensed in pharmacies due to its medicinal value. Think about any natural substance that we all enjoy today – coffee beans, tea, caffeine that give us a boost, or vanilla, lemon or lavender that smell SO good and can affect our moods. Well, cannabis is the same… but in our opinion better with more therapeutic effects!
    • This cannabis plant has over 100 compounds called cannabinoids which together seem to have incredible medicinal value to us as humans. They interact with our human endocannabinoid system to create balance for mood, sleep, energy and can really improve our overall health. Thankfully, in the past 30 years, scientists have been studying the ‘how and the why’ about cannabinoids and their therapeutic benefits and it is becoming increasingly clear that cannabis does have medicinal value!

      What is the difference between ‘hemp’ and ‘marijuana’ cannabis?

      • First, cannabis is the species of the plant and both hemp and marijuana are cannabis. For our purposes of simplicity, let’s agree on two naming descriptors: hemp and marijuana. The main difference between the two is the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content which is the chemical compound that gets you high.
      • Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC and according to the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is federally legal in all 50 states. The main reason it is legal is because it’s very low THC content (which is the psychoactive compound that gets you high). Hemp is full of CBD (cannabidiol) which is a non-psychoactive compound with very promising therapeutic benefits. Therefore hemp is considered to have a safer profile. Essentially, hemp is like Diet Coke – it has all the perks and none of the sugary danger. 
      • Marijuana, for comparison purposes to hemp, we will associate with THC (the psychoactive compound that gets you high). Marijuana, which may be a term more familiar to many, has also been referred to as ‘pot’ ‘weed’ ‘reefer’ and other names. For the past 100-years, marijuana has been negatively positioned in the public domain despite having medicinal value, and unfortunately can also be connected in racially biased ways. And, yet, because of its psychoactive effects, many people remember it as a shared experience at concerts when they danced, sang, sat around bonfires, played guitar, and generally seemed really happy.

        What is CBD and THC; and what is the difference?

        • CBD (which is Cannabidiol) and THC (which is Tetrahydrocannabinol) are the two most abundant and important chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. The difference between them is the amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content which is the chemical compound that gets you high and this fact will help to reinforce our suggested distinguishing terms ‘Hemp’ and ‘Marijuana’.
        • CBD is the most prominent compound in Hemp. CBD is NOT psychoactive (doesn’t get you high) and hemp CBD is legal in the United States according to the 2018 Farm Bill. CBD is emerging as probably the most therapeutic and medicinal natural compound found in the cannabis plant. Research continues to show promising benefits to assist with relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, and sleep issues which can help many people. And CBD is neuroprotective which means it helps protect and reduce damage to the brain and the nervous system from trauma and stressors.
        • THC (officially known as Tetrahydrocannabinol or Delta-9) is probably the best known and most prominent chemical compound in cannabis. It is psychoactive (it will get you high), AND it is also therapeutic. Products containing more than 0.3% THC are not federally legal in the U.S., but rather are legal on a state-by-state basis. Currently, there are 38 U.S. states that allow medical cannabis which can include THC. Many cultures have a long history of providing medicinal therapy and pain relief, as well as physical and spiritual awakening. However, in our history in the U.S., THC is generally looked upon negatively, mainly due to a political and disinformation campaign starting in 1937. Used responsibly, and in low doses, THC can be a very effective therapeutic agent for many conditions like pain, nausea, stress, etc. More of today’s products on the market have VERY HIGH levels of THC, so be careful to start low (dose), and go slowly.

        In fact, this informal trick may help to remember the key difference between CBD and THC:

          • CBD might stand for “CLEAR BENEFITS” derived, whereas
          • THC might stand for the ‘TOO HIGH’ chemical, particularly in high doses

          What is the difference between ‘medical’ and ‘recreational’ cannabis?

          • First, Medical Cannabis is legal in 38 US states. Recreational (also known as Adult Use) is now legal in 21 states (with the 2022 November elections legalizing cannabis for adult use in Missouri and Maryland). https://www.leafly.com/learn/legalization/recreational-states
          • Medical cannabis is allowed when a patient has a valid medical cannabis card, as certified by a doctor and for certain qualifying conditions like cancer, MS, etc which differ from State to State. Also, in certain States, there are Medical Cannabis only Dispensaries where you can only get in if you have a valid card; and then the products are typically for specific conditions like sleep, etc., higher potency (and maybe quality), there should be a well-trained salesperson (or Bud Tender) to help you, AND you might get better pricing because of lower, or no, taxes.
          • Recreational cannabis (or I prefer the team ADULT USE), on the other hand, is legal cannabis (or marijuana) sold in licensed dispensaries to adults 21 and older. There will also be a wide variety of products (typically more than at a medical dispensary) which can include smokable flowers (like pre-rolled joints), vape pens, and edibles (like gummies and chocolates). You do not need a cannabis card to get into an Adult use dispensary, you’ll just need to show and register your license to prove you are 21 or older.

            Is cannabis legal in the United States?

            HEMP is federally legal in ALL states in the U.S. according to the 2018 Farm Bill which defines Hemp as containing less than 0.3% THC (by dry weight). On the other hand, Marijuana as we at Grandma’s Gummies refer to the THC products, Marijuana is only allowed in certain states that have legalized it. (38 for Medical, 21 for Rec or Adult Use). And, a very important point, you cannot bring marijuana across state borders. It may be legal in Michigan and California, but don’t get caught bringing it to another state, even if it is legal there. Marijuana (the cannabis plant we refer to as THC) can’t yet cross state borders. But we’re working on changing that soon, I hope. Hemp on the other hand can be purchased and shipped to you in any state.

              Do I have to smoke it?

              No. But, smoking has been the most popular way to consume and enjoy cannabis. It is the quickest way to feel its effects, too. However, with legalization there are many really cool and innovative ways to enjoy and benefit from cannabis. At a high-level (pun intended), there is smoking (inhalation) and vaping, then there are oils or tinctures to drop under your tongue, and some newer innovations like ‘listerine-like’ strips or cannabis beverages, and of course everyone probably knows about edibles (and Gummies). To me, it’s no surprise that gummies, cookies, brownies are popular… the look like candy, they typically taste good and are real easy to eat (even in public, they are discreet). BUT, we have to be very careful because unlike smoking cannabis, edibles are the most ‘creeper’ of them all because it can take up to 2-hours to begin feeling the effects and so people end up eating more after 30-minutes, and then again after another 30-minutes, and BAM. I find edibles, especially high THC edibles, can be dangerous if not consumed in a responsible and knowledgeable way. 

                How long does it take for edibles to ‘kick-in’ and to feel their effect?

                It’s important to think of edibles (cookies, brownies, gummies, etc.) as food. They go through ‘first-pass metabolism’ and through your liver. That takes time. In fact, about 1-2 hours.  Everyone is different.

                Like I said earlier, how many stories have we heard about someone who said, ‘I ate a gummy, but didn’t feel a thing, so I ate another’ and then BOOM it hits ‘em like a truck. And that ain’t no fun for anyone. I’ll tell you a personal story from the year 2000. It was Y2K and my friends had an intimate dinner party on New Year’s Eve. Well, I thought it would be fun to bring some of those ‘Special Brownies’ which I got from a friend, Barbara, who was kind of like a Grandma to us (in her late 60s, but active, fun and a mischievous streak about her!). The problem was I didn’t know, and neither did she, how much THC was in them. So, out of some small sense of caution, I instructed my friends (actually I warned everyone) just to eat ¼ of the brownie. I even cut them into quarter pieces. Everyone seemed to comply until about 2 hours later, when I looked around and I realized ½ of the table was having the best time.. laughing, telling stories, and really enjoying themselves…. And the other ½ of the table were sitting quietly, staring forward almost comatose deep in individual thought. Like I said, everyone is different and can have completely different experiences.  But the real problem was 1 guy who ate 4 pieces or 4 quarters of the brownie (essentially 1 entire Brownie!) because, like we’ve heard, ‘he didn’t feel anything, so he ate more… and more’ until we had to put him in a dark, quiet bedroom by himself to get through it. Which he did. And the good news is that there is no record of anyone ever dying from a cannabis overdose (unlike opioids, alcohol, or some other drugs).

                  What if I get too high? What are some side effects I might feel and how to deal with them?

                  Most importantly, if you are new to cannabis start slow, one method at a time, and build up from there, we suggest you start with a high CBD and low THC product. 

                   With THC, there are some negative short-term symptoms you might feel. Especially with products high in THC content, some symptoms might include paranoia, anxiety, poor motor control, dry mouth, dry/red eyes, hunger (or the munchies), drowsiness, and even impaired memory. Remember these are short-term, but they can be unpleasant to say the least. 

                   To prevent some of these symptoms, you can do the following:

                  • Set yourself up for success; consume in a safe and comfortable environment.
                  • Make sure to drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol.
                  • If you feel anxious, chew on peppercorns, or just whiff black pepper (don’t snort it!). (Honestly, it really works to calm the effects of THC)
                  • Lay down or sleep it off.
                  • Play some music, watch a movie, talk to friends, or do anything that will distract you.
                  • Don’t stress yourself out, stay calm, and relax.
                  • Try meditating. (You might even fall asleep)
                  • Learn your limits by starting slow and learning what you can tolerate. 
                  • “START LOW AND GO SLOW” – be the one hit wonder. Only take 1 and see how it goes. (1 puff, 1 gummy, 1 bite).

                  What’s incredible about this plant is that it has a built-in antidote or counterbalance. If you are feeling too high from THC, you can use CBD to lessen the symptoms of the THC. CBD naturally counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC. (it’s good to know if you do. A dropper or a gummy with CBD will help). But you may not have CBD near you, so remember, whiffing black pepper or chewing on peppercorns works well, or even sniffing lemons will help.  

                   The main message from us at The Cannabis Wellness Group and Grandma and Her Gummies, is to avoid using too much THC. Buy from a legal, knowledgeable source with a visible list of contents so you know what and how much is in it. Start with a low dose, and wait to feel the effects (with gummies, it can take up to 2-hours, so be patient).

                    Other than smoking, what are some other ways to try cannabis?

                    There are many ways to consume cannabis, and some people just don’t want to smoke it! Let me walk you through the different methods, how quickly the effects can be felt and how long the effects might last:

                    • When you smoke or inhale cannabis, it can be immediate or it is only going to take five to ten minutes for you to feel anything, but that feeling can last up to three hours. Therefore, some people like it for immediate relief.
                    • A topical product, like a salve or cream, (Not transdermal) will also take fifteen to thirty minutes to take effect but lasts only from three to four hours. I use this daily on my creaky joints (feet, shoulder, hands,) and it works wonders for me.
                    • With any sublingual product like tinctures or drops, it will take fifteen to thirty minutes for you to feel them, and they will last three to six hours. This is why some people like it for daytime or early evening.
                    • A transdermal patch (when you put it on thin skin, veiny areas like the wrist or top of foot) will allow cannabis to get into your bloodstream. Again, different from a salve or a cream which should not get into the bloodstream. A transdermal patch can take up to thirty minutes to start working, but they can last four to eight hours. 
                    • Edible products can take anywhere from thirty minutes to two hours to start working, but they can last four to eight hours. This is why some people like them for sleep because the effects can last the longest.

                    A final thought, please remember that THC in the products will get you high so be VERY CAREFUL about the dosage. Many people start with 2.5mg to see if it eases the pain or helps their issue. The key is to find the right amount for you, and the ‘therapeutic dose’ is the amount where you find relief and don’t necessarily have to get high.

                      Now I’m ready, where can I purchase it and what should I look for?

                      • ALWAYS buy it from a legal source. 
                      • Be VERY CAREFUL to buy anything from a gas station, or a convenience store, even CBD. You never know what’s in it, and the quality of the manufacturing process can vary widely.
                      • As listed earlier:
                        • Always buy products from a reputable source.
                        • Look for evidence that the products have been quality tested by 3rd party labs, the manufacturer employs the seal GMP (Good Manufacturing Processes), products from a licensed dispensary or online source with a qualified and knowledgeable team with advanced degrees in cannabis science.
                        • Always ask to see the label for the ingredients:
                        • Look for a detailed list of ingredients in the product, especially amounts of CBD, THC, etc. 
                        • Look for or ask to see the ‘Certificate of Analysis’ (COA) which shows that your specific batch of product has been quality tested for no presence of harsh chemicals, pesticides, etc. 
                        • Always Start LOW (in dosage) and go slow if you need to increase it:
                        • Most importantly, as you review the labels of the products you buy, ensure you know the amount ‘per serving or per dose’ so you can accurately measure the amount of CBD or THC you are consuming.

                      For those interested in Hemp CBD products to start (not to get high, but to get better… sleep, relief, etc.) we have personally selected some products which you can find on our website: www.GrandmaAndHerGummies.com and there you’ll find CBD gummies, CBD Salve and CBD Bath Bombs. Enjoy!

                        How should I store my cannabis at home?

                        Away from kids and in a safe place. Lock it up if you can, especially if it has THC. Dark, cool places will be the best. (Not in a steamy bathroom). Remember, this is a natural plant-based product so close the container and keep it fresh if possible.

                          What is a Medical Cannabis Card and how do I qualify?

                          • Each state is different and may have different qualifying conditions for medical cannabis patients. Some common qualifying conditions in the U.S. are ADHD, AIDS, Cancer, Chronic Pain, Cancer, Glaucoma, MS, Parkinsons, PTSD, etc. 

                          It’s best to search your state registry or any of the national databases like the NORML website (www.norml.org).